We use the -ING form in clauses:

1. to show that two actions occurred at the same time, or that one happened immediately after the other.

The escalators became central to the composition of the building, falling and rising diagonally.

2. to suggest a cause, reason or result. In these clauses, we can use stative verbs, not usually used in the continuous.

Believing that everyday objects should be useful or beautiful, I made the home a work of art.

3. to replace adverbial clauses of time or contrast. We introduce the participle clause with a conjunction.

Although working on a tight budget wasn't easy, I enjoyed redecorating my house.

Common words and expressions + -ING

be a master/genius at:

Mia is a genius at renovating houses.

be blame for:

Eve was to blame for ruining my picture.

for fear of/for the sake of:

for the sake of preserving old buildings

for/with the purpose of:

for the purpose of adapting the building for a new tenant.

in addition to

in spite of/despite

instead of: 

Instead of employing tradesmen, I did the work myself.

be worth

be no good/use

the best way/the idea of (doing sth)

there's no hope of

there's no point in

there's no prospect of


with a view to

with the purpose of


Would you mind?

I don't mind...

Adjectives + prepositions + -ING

accused of:

The developers were accused of wrecking a historical building.

accustomed to:

Wealthy developers are accustomed to getting their own way.

based on:

Approval of the plans was based on the facade remaining intact.

better at:

Architects are no better at predicting the future than the rest of us.

better of

capable of

committed to

excited/enthusiastic about

guilty of

justified in

keen on

opposed to

prone to

responsible for

sorry for

tired of

worried about

Verb phrases + -ING

be charged with (= made responsible for something)

be feted/honoured for:

Architects are often feted/honoured for designing buildings whose form follows function.

be fined for

be no likelihood of

be/get landed/stuck with

can't help

can't stand

consider the possibility of

feel like

hate the thought of

have a reason for

have an /no excuse for

have difficulty in

have no intention of

have no objection to

have no regrets about

have no/little chance of

have/take rensponsibility for

keep (sb) waiting

take advantage of

come/result from

plan on

Verb + preposition + -ING

Some verbs are followed by a preposition and then the -ING from of the verb.

believe in:

I believe in making things by hand.

benefit from

come/result from

compliment sb on:

They complimented the architects on their innovative design.

depend on:

My renovation depended on finding cheap furniture.

dream of/about:

I dreamed of/about restoring her own house.

plan on

pride yourself on:

I prided herself on keeping to a budget.

specialise in:

I specialise in creating patterns from nature.

succeed in:

I succeeded in changing the relationship between my siblings.

Phrasal verbs + -ING

burst out: 

Mary burst out crying when she saw the damage.

cut back/down on

cut out (for)

end up

feel up to

get over

give up:

Mia decided to give up painting.

go into (time/money/effort/hard work):

A great deal of time, money and hard work went into decorating the house.

keep on:

I will keep on renovating houses.

look after

be responsible for

look into:

The committee looked into extending the airport.

make up for (compensate)

put off (delay)

set about:

I set about finding cheap things on eBay.

take to

take up:

I decided to take up renovating houses as a full-time job.